The uncaused existence of God, who does not have a beginning in time, is consistent with the initial claim of this argument: It is, therefore, mainly a question of method and expediency what particular points one may select from the multitude available to illustrate and enforce the general a posteriori argument.
Referring to the implications of Classical Theism that follow from this argument, Craig writes: The real question is whether JehovahZeusRaKrishna, or any gods of any religion exist, and if so, which gods.
The non-overlapping magisteria view proposed by Stephen Jay Gould also holds that the existence or otherwise of God is irrelevant to and beyond the domain of science. Europeans polled who "believe in a god", according to Eurobarometer in North Americans polled about religious identity Positions on the existence of God can be divided along numerous axes, producing a variety of orthogonal classifications.
He states that infinite regress is impossible, because it provokes unanswerable questions, like, in modern English, 'What is infinity minus infinity. But the argument, strictly speaking, is conclusive even if it be granted that the world may have existed from eternityin the sense, that is, that, no matter how far back one may go, no point of time can be reached at which created being was not already in existence.
A posteriori argument St. In general, critics of the cosmological argument tend arbitrarily to hold it to a standard to which they do not hold other arguments. Versions of the argument[ edit ] Argument from contingency[ edit ] In the scholastic era, Aquinas formulated the "argument from contingency ", following Aristotle in claiming that there must be something to explain why the Universe exists.
Nor is the argument weakened by our inability in many cases to explain the particular purpose of certain structures or organisms. As such, there is some probability for the universe to pop out of 'nothing. Again, see Aquinas for the full story.
Craig states that the only disputable statements are 1. My guess is that this cosmic authority problem is not a rare condition and that it is responsible for much of the scientism and reductionism of our time.
For the cause in all cases must be proportionate to the effect, i. The ancient agrarian cultures had their fertility gods; the Greeks and Romans had their pantheon; Judaism, Christianity, and Islam have their one god of all. He further posed that the unquenchable desires of this life strongly imply that we are intended for a different life, necessarily governed by a God who can provide the desired intangibles.
Leibnizian versions argue that whatever does not have the sufficient reason for its existence in itself must ultimately derive its existence from something which does have within itself a sufficient reason for its existence, and which is in that sense necessary rather than contingent.
He states  that saying 2. Agnostic atheism Agnostic atheism is a philosophical position that encompasses both atheism and agnosticism. Commands are only as authoritative as is the one that commands them; a command of a ruler carries more authority than a command of a citizen. The First Cause Argument.
The second purported proof of the existence of God is the first cause argument, also called “the cosmological argument”.The first cause argument seeks to prove the existence of God from the fact that the universe exists.
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Recent discoveries in physics, cosmology, and biochemistry have captured the public imagination and made the Design Argument - the theory that God created the world according to a specific plan - the object of renewed scientific and philosophical interest.
Excellent! The William Lane Craig argument and video are new to me and a great recommendation. I would love to know the reaction of Christian Mom Thoughts’ 5-year-old kids. Mar 27, · The Kalam Cosmological Argument: A Summary by Bill Ramey The cosmological argument for God's existence began with Plato and ever since has been defended--and attacked--by many of the greatest philosophers in history.
The Kalām cosmological argument is a modern formulation of the cosmological argument for the existence of God; named for the kalam (medieval Islamic scholasticism), it was popularized by William Lane Craig in his The Kalām Cosmological Argument (). The argument is a variant of the unmoved mover in Aristotelianism; it is named for medieval Islamic scholasticism because Craig.
Introduction. Widely thought to have been demolished by Hume and Darwin, the teleological argument for God's existence has nonetheless continued during this century to find able defenders in F.R.
Tennant, Peter Bertocci, and Stuart C.
Hackett.A discussion on the existence of god and the cosmological argument